Tag Archives: J.R.R. Tolkien

The Inklings …

The Inklings

The Inklings was an Oxford writers’ group which included C. S. Lewis, Roger Lancelyn Green and J. R. R. Tolkien. From late 1933, they met on Thursday evenings at Lewis’s college rooms at Magdalen, where they would read and discuss various material, including their unfinished manuscripts. Tolkien would discuss his ideas for Lord of the Rings.These meetings were accompanied with more informal lunchtime gatherings at various Oxford pubs which coalesced into a regular meeting held on Mondays or Tuesday lunchtimes at The Eagle and Child, in a private lounge at the back of the pub known as the ‘Rabbit Room’.

The formal meetings ended in October 1949 when interest in the readings finally petered out, but the meetings at the Eagle and Child continued, and it was at one of those meetings in June 1950 that C.S. Lewis distributed the proofs for The Lion, the Witch and the Wardrobe.

The Rabbit Room

The membership of the Inklings changed over the years. Tolkien, for example, drifted away from the meetings in the late 1950s. But Lewis, who had lived around Oxford since 1921, was a central figure until his death in 1963.

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J.R.R.Tolkien … In a hole in the ground there lived a hobbit.

TolkienJ.R.R. Tolkien (1892-1973)

John Ronald Reuel Tolkien was an English writer, poet and university professor best known as the author of the classic high fantasy works The Hobbit and The Lord of the Rings.
In 1925 Tolkien took up the professorship of Anglo-Saxon at Pembroke College, Oxford.
During his time at Pembroke College Tolkien wrote The Hobbit and the first two volumes of The Lord of the Rings, whilst living with his wife and three sons at 20 Northmoor Road in North Oxford. Being a full-time academic meant that much of his writing would have been done at his home in the evenings.

Bilbo_Baggins_Tolkien_illustrationTolkien recollects that he began work on The Hobbit one day early in the 1930s, when he was marking School Certificate papers. He found a blank page. Suddenly inspired, he wrote the words, “In a hole in the ground there lived a hobbit.”

An article published in The Daily Telegraph in 2004, Burrowing Deep into the Birthplace of Bilbo Baggins, gives a wonderful insight into Tolkien’s family life and routine including his study.

bmtolkien1ptolk1_nbAt the desk in the window Tolkien wrote The Hobbit and much of Lord of the Rings. The children recall the clutter on the desk: a dark-brown wooden tobacco jar, a Toby jug containing pipes and a large bowl for ash.

northmoor120 Northmoor Road was the Tolkien’s family home in Oxford from 1930-1947.

He then moved to Manor Road, Hollywell Street and Sandfield Road before finally relocating to Bournemouth in Dorset.

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Tolkien pictured in his study at 76 Sandfield Road.